Monthly Archives: January 2009

Habemus OpenGL 3.0!

We have been waiting OpenGL 3.0 for ages, we were all very excited about the wonderful features ARB was promising, then, on the 11th of August 2008, the specs were released…
I, like everyone else, was really disappointed, the Architecture Review Board was not only really late on schedule but it didn’t keep its word about many key features that should have been introduced with this release.
Nevertheless I’m still confident in the future, when older API functions will be removed and not simply, as in the current version, tagged as deprecated.

OpenGL3 Logo

Now, after the long but needed introduction, let’s talk about things that matter: today the ArchLinux team moved the new stable 180.22 driver release from the [testing] to the [extra] repository.
Well, apart from the equally important CUDA 2.1 and VDPAU support, this release has been bundled with OpenGL 3 and GLSL 1.30 support, so have a look at how to create an OpenGL 3.0 context.

First of all, it seems like there’s no other way to open the new context without getting your hands dirty, that is talking directly with GLX.
What follows is a snippet to create an OpenGL 3.0 context integrated in SDL 1.2, which still doesn’t support it natively.

First of all you need some new defines.

#define GLX_CONTEXT_DEBUG_BIT_ARB                         0x00000001
#define GLX_CONTEXT_MAJOR_VERSION_ARB                  0x2091
#define GLX_CONTEXT_MINOR_VERSION_ARB                   0x2092
#define GLX_CONTEXT_FLAGS_ARB                                0x2094

You need also to retrieve the address of the following new GLX function.

	(Display *dpy, GLXFBConfig config, GLXContext share_context, Bool direct, const int *attrib_list);

Then you have to define a bunch of GLX related variables.

Display *dpy;
GLXDrawable draw, read;
GLXContext ctx, ctx3;
GLXFBConfig *cfg;
int nelements;
int attribs[]= {

At last, after having called SDL_SetVideoMode(), create a new context, make it current and destroy the old one.

ctx = glXGetCurrentContext();
dpy = glXGetCurrentDisplay();
draw = glXGetCurrentDrawable();
read = glXGetCurrentReadDrawable();
cfg = glXGetFBConfigs(dpy, 0, &nelements);
ctx3 = glXCreateContextAttribsARB(dpy, *cfg, 0, 1, attribs);
glXMakeContextCurrent(dpy, draw, read, ctx3);
glXDestroyContext(dpy, ctx);

Don’t forget to put some querying code, just to be sure the whole process worked. 😀

const GLubyte* string;

string = glGetString(GL_VENDOR);
printf("Vendor: %s\n", string);
string = glGetString(GL_RENDERER);
printf("Renderer: %s\n", string);
string = glGetString(GL_VERSION);
printf("OpenGL Version: %s\n", string);
printf("GLSL Version: %s\n\n", string);

On my workstation I get this:
Vendor: NVIDIA Corporation
Renderer: GeForce 8600 GT/PCI/SSE2
OpenGL Version: 3.0 NVIDIA 180.22
GLSL Version: 1.30 NVIDIA via Cg compiler

If you want to retrieve also the extension list, a new function can help you simplify the process.

typedef const GLubyte * (APIENTRYP PFNGLGETSTRINGIPROC) (GLenum name, GLuint index);
PFNGLGETSTRINGIPROC glGetStringi = (PFNGLGETSTRINGIPROC)glXGetProcAddress((GLubyte*)"glGetStringi");

You can then use it like this:

GLint numExtensions = 0;
glGetIntegerv(GL_NUM_EXTENSIONS, &numExtensions);

printf(“Extension list: \n”);
for (int i = 0; i < numExtensions; ++i) { printf("%s ", glGetStringi(GL_EXTENSIONS, i)); } printf("\n"); [/sourcecode] This new OpenGL version seems to perform just like the old one at the moment, drivers do not honour the GLX_CONTEXT_FORWARD_COMPATIBLE_BIT_ARB attribute, this means everything is still in place, backward compatible and unoptimized. 🙁

Composing renders in a strip

First of all happy new year to everyone, then let’s talk about this post topic… 🙂

During these days I was relaxing and practicing subdivision modeling, after a long time away from Blender I was back to the dream of creating a convincing human head model, but my programming side win the day. 😀
While I was studying in detail some face key parts topology from here, I noticed the PiP-like composed images attached to the first post…

Showing camera keyframes

Last night I was thinking of a way to automates the process and today it becomes reality in the form of a Blender Python script: it is capable of producing an image which is composed of multiple rendered frames, think of a daily comic strip and you understand the name ;).

The user can select which frames to render specifying a string similar to the following one: “1-3, 5, 7, 9-11“.
Moreover it is possible, of course, to choose the size of a single frame and the composed image table dimensions, i.e. how many rows and columns it should have.
Have a look to how well my topology study renders fit the script purpose. 😉

The resulting composed image

This second script is a bit more complex than my first one, making use of the Registry module to load and save options and the Draw.PupBlock() method to display a bigger GUI.

Of course it is released under the GNU GPL License and available online, download it from here.